Friday, April 3, 2009

Chief Attakullakulla "Little Carpenter" 1708 - 1777

















Son of Anawaya Moytoy and White Owl Raven - My 7g Grand Uncle

Attacullaculla of Chota-Tenase, Principal Chief of the Cherokee, (ca. 1708–ca. 1777), also known as Little Carpenter, was a leading chief of the Cherokee Indians from 1761 to around 1775. He was known to the British as the "Prince of Chote-Tenase", or Prince of Chota, because his grandfather, Moytoy of Chota, had been the chief of the capital city, Chota-Tanasi. His name is also spelled Attakullakulla. His son was Dragging Canoe.

According to James Mooney, his Cherokee name was "Ata'-gul-kalu", which could be translated "leaning wood", from "ata" meaning "wood", and "gulkalu", a verb that implies something long and unsupported, leaning against some other object. His name "Little Carpenter" came from a maternal ancestor, Thomas Pasmere Carpenter, and Englishman of Norman descent.

Family tradition maintains that he was born on Seivers Island (near Chota) around 1708 to Nancy Moytoy (eldest daughter of Moytoy I b. 1683) and her husband Moytoy IV. Moytoy IV was an Algonquin named White Owl Raven Carpenter (also called Raven of Chota) who had been adopted by Moytoy II (Trader Tom Carpenter). He married Nionne Ollie, who was the daughter of his cousin Oconostota (the marriage was permissible because they were of different clans; he was Wolf Clan and she was Paint Clan). Among their children were Dragging Canoe and Dutsi, through whom Major Ridge and David Watie were grandchildren of Attacullaculla.

He was a member of the Cherokee delegation that traveled to England in 1730. In 1736, he rejected the advances of the French, who sent emissaries to the Overhill Cherokees. Three or four years later, he was captured by the Ottawa, allies of the French, who held him captive in Canada until 1748. Upon his return, he became one of the Cherokees' leading diplomats and an adviser to the Beloved Man of Chota.

In May 1759, following a series of attacks by settlers and Cherokees against each other, Attacullaculla joined a delegation that went to Charleston to try to negotiate with South Carolina authorities. Governor William Henry Lyttleton seized the delegates as hostages until the Cherokees responsible for killing white settlers were surrendered. Having raised an expeditionary force, Lyttleton set out for Fort Prince George with the hostages in tow and arrived with 1700 men on December 9, 1759. Though freed soon after, Attacullaculla returned to Fort Prince George to negotiate for peace, but his efforts were thwarted by the more hawkish Oconostota. The Cherokees gave up two individuals and negotiated the release of a few hostages including Oconostota, who soon after lured Lt. Richard Coytmore out of the fort, waving a bridle over his head, and incited Cherokee warriors hiding in the woods to fire upon and kill Coytmore; white soldiers inside the fort then proceeded to murder all the Cherokees inside, and hostilities continued between the Cherokees and Anglo-Americans.
He was actually a rather small man, not much over 5 feet. Most of the modern American History books contain the name of this man as having fought with the Americans in the American Revolution. His son, Dragging Canoe fought on the side of the British, the Chickamagua Cherokees.

His death is believed to have occurred either in 1775 or 1777, after which he was succeeded by his cousin, Oconostota (who was also his father-in-law). Attacullaculla did not use the European title "Emperor of the Cherokees" that his uncles had.

19 comments:

  1. Recently while researching my family tree, I discovered that Attakullakulla is my 6th gr grandfather. It is amazing what an important part he played in American History.

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    1. He was your 6th great grandfather....? Because hes my 9th great grandfather. HAha how does that work...

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  2. I need information about Dragging Canoes daughter, EWI, could she be Tilda Snow that married an Indian agents son named Squire Allen.

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  3. I found out the other day that he was even a Gr grandfather or a Gr uncle to me. Still trying to clean up the family history we have been working on it seems he was a grand father so far tho.

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  4. Note the name Atti or Atta in the Bible, perhaps in Chronicles or another book. Some Cherokee seem to have links to, maybe, the Fall of Masada or other Old Israel events connected to the Americas, and to the Fall of Carthage and other similar exoduses. Ancient Israel coins found in southeast Kentucky Cherokee graves prove the connection.

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    1. that's a thought. my research proved 8th Gfather

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  5. My Grandmother 5X wasknown by th family as Amasa Jay or Jane (Real name unknown from the trbe)she is told havebeen the daughter of Chief Attakullakulla. She married Thomas Chandler. Does anyone have any information on her.Please emil me at carolwill63@yahoo.com
    Thank You
    Carol Guess Williams

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  6. Carol Guess WilliamsFebruary 4, 2012 at 9:35 AM

    I am looking for information on Amassa Jane, she was from the Cherokee Tribe adn married Thomas Chandler. They married around Surry North Carolina and moved their family to Kentucky. Their deaths are listed in wayne WV. I have been told she is a daughter or grand daughter of Chief Attakullakulla but can find no proof. If anyone can help me I'd be very grateful. I can be reach at carolwill63@yahoo.com or 520-979-0587

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    1. I have information on Amassa Jane, She was a daughter of Chief Attakullakulla. I also have information on the Carpenter lineage that dates back to English Royalty and also back to the Roman Empire. This lineage will blow your mind. I will email you links to some of the information

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    2. Sorry I wasn't clear on my post above. This lineage begins with Thomas Carpenter "The Immigrant" who came over from England, adoptive father of Amatoya Moytoy. Thomas Chandler and Thomas Carpenter are both direct descendants to a line of Dutch Royalty and then dating back to the Roman Empire.

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    3. Please could you tell me where to find the info you have. I am of this family as they married into my familey 8 grandfathers ago. Email me at wolfermom@yahoo.com Thank you Barbara

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    4. hello Sheila varga I am a direct descendant of the moytoy and Thomas carpenter they are gr great fathers down the line n wanted to see if you could fill me in on this line past Thomas carpenter thanks for any info u can share my abelymandi@yahoo.com

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  7. I too, am researching Martha Tilda Snow, daughter of Little Dragging Canoe. I need info on her lineage and if she had a son who was Moses Allen that died in Cherokee county TX. If so, then I may also be a 7th great-grandson of Chief Attakullakulla. Very interesting. If you have any information on this Allen connection please let me know at mandthairell@aol.com Thanks, Morris Hairell Jr.

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    1. I have information that lists Moses Allen as her son, however nothing that I have on Chief Dragging Canoe or Young(little?)Dragging Canoe list her as daughter of Little Dragging Canoe. There are no children listed for Young Dragging Canoe in my records. There is no mention of Little Dragging Canoe,only Young Dragging Canoe. but there is Little Owl Canoe. Little Owl mentions no children either

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  8. I too, am researching Martha Tilda Snow, daughter of Little Dragging Canoe. I need info on her lineage and if she had a son who was Moses Allen that died in Cherokee county TX. If so, then I may also be a 7th great-grandson of Chief Attakullakulla. Very interesting. If you have any information on this Allen connection please let me know at mandthairell@aol.com Thanks, Morris Hairell Jr.

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  9. Shelia, could you let me know about family info back to Rome on Thomas Carpenter. He is my 9th ggfather. Rueben Great Eagle Brock is my 6th ggfather and Aaron Redbird Brock is my 5th ggfather. I have info on Ancestry.com if you would like to read. I cannot believe that we are all cousins and related to those brave and wonderful people.
    Thank you... Susan Brock Bend Oregon

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  10. Hello, this is a fascinating blog and I am really glad I discovered it. I was wondering if anyone has information on the Brewers that married into this group of native americans.

    Here's how we fit in:
    Nione Ollie Natchez Ani wa ya Cherokee Indian Ooloosta Clan (1720 - 1800) is my husbands 5th great grandmother

    Rebecca Narcissa 'Cherokee Indian' Beaver (1746 - 1834)
    Daughter of Nione Ollie Natchez Ani wa ya

    Solomon S Brewer (1785 - 1866)
    Son of Rebecca Narcissa 'Cherokee Indian'

    Mary Ann Brewer (1822 - 1878)
    Daughter of Solomon S

    Rachel F Newman (1854 - 1928)
    Daughter of Mary Ann

    Nathaniel Thomas Martin (1891 - 1957)
    Son of Rachel F

    James Franklin Martin (1912 - 1995)
    Son of Nathaniel Thomas

    Charles Don Martin (My Husband)

    We would love to connect with anyone who has information on this branch.

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  11. TO SHEILA VARGA...CHIEF ATTAKULLAKULLA"Little Carpenter" IS MY 5TH GREATGRANDFATHER AND WOULD LOVE TO HAVE THE TREE FROM HIM DOWN THE LINE I HAVE AMASA JANE JAY b.1770 d,1827 m. TO THOMAS CHANDLER. IN THERE TOO. THE ONLY THING IS THAT THEY HAVE SO MANY NAMES, I'M NOT SURE I HAVE THEM CORRECT. ANY HELP WOULD BE APPRECIATED GETTING THEM RIGHT AND THE REST BACK TO THE ROYALTY. I HAVE AGGIE "Little Owl" (my 4th ggrandmother, she is also the daughter of CHIEF ATTAKULLAKULLA e-mail ndcoon@hotmail.com

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  12. Anyone with information on "Nikiti" (Hannah Rebecca Nikiti) and her mother Ollie Nionee. These are my multiple x's gr grandmothers. please reply to pamelladenton@yahoo.com thanks!

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