Tuesday, June 12, 2012

Cherokee Trivia

"Cherokee trivia: Did you know that trees figure prominently in Cherokee culture. Some trees are sacred such as Cedar and Holly. Others are important food sources such as hickory, chinquapin and chestnut. And some become sacred when included in the seven woods used to kindle the ceremonial fire. One tree is neither sacred nor particular special, except for it's name, which makes it interesting. That is the Eastern Redbud known to Cherokees as Da-yi-go-gi or Liar. It is called this because it is the first tree to bloom in the spring often before the last heavy frost. If the farmer planted based on the Liar, the tender crops would be lost." David Cornsilk, Cherokee historian and activist

 Well, that's interesting, but how does it fit into genealogy? 
Cherokee genealogy trivia: Did you know that the Eastern Cherokee Applications figure prominently in Cherokee genealogy? Some applications are valuable because they offer evidence of Cherokee ancestry. Others are important because they offer Cherokee genealogical information found nowhere else. One type is neither valuable or important when proving Cherokee ancestry, which makes it interesting. That type is the rejected application. It could have been rejected because a Cherokee who descended from Old Settlers made it, but, most likely, it was rejected because the person applying simply was not Cherokee. Many non-Cherokees applied, believing the Cherokees had no records, therefore they could get some of the settlement money. For this reason, rejected applications are like the Eastern Redbud or Liar. It is the first documentation wannabes cling to, often without anything else that suggests their ancestors were Cherokee. Beware the the Eastern Redbud, or Eastern application (rejected)! If a person claims to be Cherokee based on a Da-yi-go-gi, all truth in their genealogy may be lost.Reprinted from: http://www.pollysgranddaughter.com

Sunday, June 3, 2012

To Tennessee Almira James 1849 -1944

I am so excited to put you on this blog and to learn about you. You were my first touch of Cherokee. You made me realize there was a huge story unfolding before me. I was fascinated by your name.  I read about you in the Pioneer Papers in the Chronicles of Oklahoma. How fabulous to hear your story from you. You started my interest in genealogy. You made history come more alive for me. I tried to wait to really learn about you. Now I get to. So let's start with your story in your own words:

  • Indian Pioneer History Project for Oklahoma

  • Indian Pioneer History Project for Oklahoma
    Date: April 22, 1937
    Name: Tennessee James (Mrs.)
    Post Office: Miami, Oklahoma
    Date of Birth: February 16, 1849
    Place of Birth: Cherokee Neuter Strip
    Father: Garrett Lane
    Place of Birth:
    Information on father:
    Mother: Jane M. Harlan
    Place of birth:
    Information on mother: a Cherokee
    Field Worker: Nannie Lee Burns
    Tennessee Almira Lane JAMES was born on the Cherokee Neuter Strip, four miles up from the mouth of Shoal Creek near Baxter Springs, Kansas, February 16, 1849, at her Grandfather, David M. Harlan’s home.

    My mother was Jane M. HARLAN, a Cherokee.

    My father, Garrett LANE of English and French descent.  They came with the Cherokees here from North Carolina, I think, and to the best of my knowledge were married near Maysville.  When I was two months old, my father left my mother and a sister, two years old with my grandfather and in the Spring of 1849 started wagon-train overland to California.   I am told that the people who composed this company had been gathering along waiting till the grass was old enough to feed their oxen, cows were taken along with the oxen.  The trip took all summer and they reached California that fall, that is my father did but I had two uncles who died of fever on the way and were buried on the plains.  My father with his pardner Ed Crutchfield, a half-breed Cherokee, worked two years together and then my father fell in the mine and was killed by the fall.  My father’s pardner made a division of their earning and mother received half of it but my sister and I did not get ours till we were twenty-one years old.  It (our money) was handled by various public administrators and finally I was paid by a public administrator of Missouri after I was married.  I only received $130.00 or $135.00


    Mother, sister and I continued to live with grandfather till mother married my step-father, John BLVTHE, and then we still lived near.  We always had lots of stock, horses, cattle and sheep, my mother and sister after she was old enough helped with the herding as we had no fences, only around the lots and fields.  I also began to ride with them as I grew older and possibly many things happened and I had many little experiences that would seem strange today, but to us they were only the day’s work.
    My mother died when I was ten years old, on July, 1859 and as I was not large enough to be of much help to my step-father, I was sent to live with my grandfather, but my sister was kept at home to help with my step-brothers and sisters, to help around the house, then, too she could spin.  Being sent to my grandfather’s home, I did not have the hard work to do that she did but spent much of time out of doors and in the saddle with very little school as we only had a subscription school for short periods.  (My sister, Mrs. Ellen HILLEN is now 81 years old and lives in Fairland, Okla.)  I did however do a little spinning, some yarn and after I was married wove myself two dresses and some linsey.


    During the first two years of the Civil War, we remained on the old home place and then were ordered to Kansas.  But during that time we had much stock stolen and killed and driven away.  Two of our neighbors were called to the door after dark and shot, so grandfather took the two teams of horses we had and went to Kansas some time before we left.  When we were ordered to Kansas, we loaded as much as we could into the two ox-wagons and started driving what cattle we had left and about forty or fifty head of sheep.  It was hard to get the sheep across the streams as we had to cross Spring River almost as soon as we started, however we got the sheep about twenty miles when they scattered and we could not take time to get them together so we went on without them and I heard that a woman living near Springfield, Mo., rounded up the sheep and sold them.  We went to Humbolt, where grandfather had rented a farm and farmed the first year.  Grandfather’s sympathies were with the South though we could say little or nothing one of my single uncles, while we were living in Kansas joined the Union Army.  I wondered why but then there were always men and parties of men coming trying to get the men to join the army, so possibly our living there had something to do with this.  One day, I heard my grandfather say to Bob TAYLOR “Go home and lay down your arms for if the Union wins, we won’t have anything left.”  Also, I remember hearing them talking about it when we heard that Stand Watie had surrendered under a white flag on Cabin Creek.
    A single uncle after the first year hauled goods across the country from Boonville, MO to Burlington, Kansas.  My grandmother died in 1864 and was buried in Kansas. After the war closed we returned to our home in Indian Territory and began to repair and prepare to live again in the old place.  It was in a very bad condition and there was much work to do.


    On October 16, 1866, I married Solon JAMES, a white man who was born in Missouri but raised in the Cherokee Nation.   We lived at the old Military Crossing on the river for six or eight years till our children began to need the advantage of school, so we moved about four miles south of Chetopa, Kansas.  After the war, there was no town to speak of at Baxter Springs but soldiers were kept there under permit (here she adds from Mr. ROGERS, Cherokee).

    Major DORN, was the Quapaw Agent at this time.  Travel was not easy in those days and we were always glad to have our friends stop with us.  To us life was not quite so lonesome as the mail hack passed and crossed going both ways and when the river was past fording often had to wait till it was fordable.

    I was twelve years old when I was in the first store, which was the Turkey Creek Lead Mine Store about ---- miles. Humbolt, Kansas was the first town I ever saw.  Reddings Mill just out of Joplin, Mo., was my first mill.  My grandfather was a millwright and was often sent for to repair the mill and would sometimes be gone several days.  Falls Mill on Shoal Creek was only five miles from us.
    Solon and I had eleven children, three of them dying when small, eight of them grew up and seven of them are yet living.  Our eldest son Calvin James of Fairland is 70 years old.  They were: Calvin James; Fairland, Okla.; Lorenzo D. James; Miami, Okla.; Della COPELAND, Welch, Oklahoma;Albert James, Washington, D.C; Lula ----, married and lives near Hickory Grove,Okla.; Cornelia ----, died in Denver, Colorado; Jesse James, Miami, Claude James, Miami.
    We moved from south of Chetopa (Kansas) to one mile west of Denmark, Okla. (now Hickory Grove) where there was a day (Cherokee) school and lived there forty years.

    In 1916 on December 6th we moved to Miami to this place.   We left the farm because of the men working in the mines here.  It had become so hard to get help on the farm and we were not able to run the place.  My husband died September 30, 1926 and since then my son Claud and I have lived here alone till the last year.  I have a lady to stay with me as my children think I should not be alone and then too I sometimes have the rheumatizm.

    Mrs. James has an extra good memory and enjoys her friends.  A very devout Christian and expressed herself as trying to live a Christian life and enjoys her bible which was lying on the table beside her.
    May 19, 1937


    In a recent interview with Mrs. James seeking to correct an impression that she gave me about the location of the “Neuter Strip” as she termed it, I received the wrong impression as to its location.
    In the treaties with the Cherokees as to their northern boundary of their original grant in Indian Territory, there seems to have been a disagreement as north of the present north boundary line of Oklahoma there was a strip of various widths extending west from the Missouri Line north of the present Oklahoma line that was claimed by the Cherokees and finally made a part of Kansas and in this territory some twelve or fourteen families (Cherokees) settled, thinking that they were in the Cherokee Nation.  Among these families was David M. HARLAN, the grandfather of Mrs. JAMES, with whom she made her home after her mother’s death.  So the move necessitated by the Civil War was one only farther up into the same state, now Kansas.  After the boundary was settled and it was decided that their home was in Kansas, her grandfather and the others who made homes there, reserved 320 acres and continued to live there but the younger ones of the family settled in the Cherokee Nation where they started homes for themselves.
    I questioned Mrs. James very much in detail and I was able to gain but little in addition to what she had already given me.  Her mother’s sister, Lucinda HARLAN, married Albert WILLARD and this Willard helped build houses for the Modocs when they were settled on the present Modoc Reservation.

    The name of the first agent she remembers was DORN.  She tells that when money was sent here for the payments to the Indians, it was boxed in strong boxes, made similar to the boxes that axes were shipped in, and that she has seen these boxes just stacked up with the money in them on the porch at the agency and store.

    The only additional members of the company that accompanied her father to California were her mother’s brother, John Harlan, and her father’s brother, Bert Lane.  Both of these young men died on the trip and were buried along the route on the prairie.

    She only remembers hearing them say that her father and his friends joined the party at a Fort west of here when the train of wagons came through and had to wait at the Fort till the main party came.
    (This was probably in 1850 but when I see her son I will try to find out more about this place of meeting and the date of starting.)
    Remarks by Submitter:
    I received this document in hardcopy from my Aunt Shasta Louella (Huggins) Anker, and scanned it and corrected it from the hardcopy.  Aunt Shasta received the document from Norman S. James, who copied the interview in the 1970’s from sources in the library in Oklahoma City.
    Submitted to OKGenWeb October 31, 1999 by: 
    George T. Huggins

  • Remarks by Shasta Louella (Huggins) Anker (Tennessee's Granddaughter) about Interview 

    I am most grateful to Ms. Burns for the extent of the interview with Grandma JAMES and it generally corresponds to stories Mother has told us, but a few things I would like to note:

1) Mother always spelled the name Harlen as Harlin, but I don't know which is correct.

2) Grandma JAMES sister who lived in Fairland was not named Ellen Hillen, but Samantha Hillen, ( her last husband's last name). She was always called 'Mance' by Grandma JAMES. Mama , of course called her Aunt Mance, which is what we kids called her.

3) Mother's name was LULU (not Lula, although pronounced Lula) and she was married to Robert Lee HUGGINS, a "white" man.

4) Aunt Cornelia was first married to COFFMAN, and they had three sons, they were Sequoyah, Sequitchie, and Earl. She and Coffman were divorced, then she married someone by the name of WILLIAMS and they moved to Denver and had several children before before Aunt Cornelia's death.

5) Grandma was quoted as saying they moved from south of Chetop to Denmark (now Hickory Grove). Mother said Gandma and Grandpa with family had first moved to Cowskimn Prairie - out east of Grove and lived there two or three years before moving to Denmark. Also, in an article in the Grove Sun about early settlers, of which our family had nothing to do with the writing or information of, it listed Solon JAMES and family settling on Cowskin Prairie for a few years before moving across the river (Grand River) to what is now the Hickory Grove community.

Mother was born in their first house in Hickory Grove, which I believe was a log cabin and was where their "extended families" later lived as the house Mother grew up in was built when she was about three years old.

6) The date of Grandpa JAMES death was stated as Sept 30, 1926 all other places and from Mother it was 1925. (If Ms. Burns didn't type better than I, and she didn't, that could easily account for the discrepancy). Both Grandma and Grandpa JAMES are buried in Miami GAR Cemetery located out north of town, toward Commerce.

7) It is my belief that it wasn't Grandma JAMES who couldn't remember Mother and Aunt Cornelia's married last names. I believe it was Ms. Burns whose omission it was. After all, those were the days before "lift-off" correction typewriters and sometimes typists left spaces to fill in later.

8) I was surprised that Grandma JAMES didn't mention that Grandpa JAMES served in the Civil War, but since they didn't marry until after the War maybe Ms. Burns omitted t intentionally. After all, Grandma JAMES grandfather Harlin (in whose household she had lived before she was married) had been a Southerner who according to Mother had owned slave.

For your information I am Shasta Louella Huggins Anker, born Nov 7, 1922 and am on the Cherokee current resister as # CO 0025565 and shown as 1/32 Cherokee.

My Mother was born Feb.22, 1881 and is registered on the Dawes Commission Roll as Lulu Bell JAMES, Roll #268 and 1/16 Cherokee. Mother always spelled her middle as Belle. My father was Robert Lee Huggins born June 9, 1874 and was a handsome "white" man from Arkansas. Eight of we children were born to Mother and Daddy. One thing I remember about Daddy was when he left to go anywhere or when he came home, he always went to Mother and gave her a hug and a kiss. (Daddy & Mother and his older brother (Charley) and Mother, Elizabeth ORR (second marriage) are buried at the Fairland, Ok., Cemetery.

Mother's mother, Tennessee Almira Lane JAMES (known far and wide as Aunt Tenn.), is listed on the Dawes Roll as # 266. She was born Feb 16, 1849 and died Jan 4, 1944. Mother said when someone in the community was sick that Grandma JAMES was always "sent for"to help. She was married to: David Solon JAMES born Jan 5, 1842 and died Sept 30, 1925. He was registered on the Cherokee roll as IW #4 (Intermarried White). I believe that if you were married to a Indian for 10 years or more you were listed on their rolls.

I knew Grandma JAMES (Tennessee) as she lived until 1944. I also knew her sister Aunt Mance (Samantha) who died sometime in the 1930's. Incidentally, Aunt Mance married five different husbands, (one at a time, of course), and as the saying used to be "she buried all of them" except the last one. The last one was 20 years younger that she and he was devoted to her. The last I saw them, I believe she was 87 and in those days she mostly sat in a rocker and smoked her pipe (a small clay pipe) and Uncle Wes did the cooking etc. I don't remember meeting any of her children ( who would have been the ages of my parents), but Mother said she had, had nine children.

If you knew Mother, you probably know most of the above anyway, because all the time I was growing up I heard about her family and her early life, and about Daddy's family, as much as she knew about them. I'm sure my older brothers and sister heard all these stories and more --- they had more years to have heard them.

Father: Garrett M Lane b: ABT 1820 in TN
Mother: Malinda Jane Harlan b: ABT 1832 in Ga, Cherokee Nation East TN

Marriage 1 David Solon James b: 5 JAN 1842 in Jasper Co, Missouri
  • Married: 16 OCT 1866 in Jasper County, Missouri
  1. Calvin Garrett James b: 11 AUG 1867 in Cherokee Nation, Oklahoma
  2. Matty James b: 25 NOV 1869
  3. Lorenzo Dow James b: 9 DEC 1870 in Cowskin Prairie
  4. Clara Delta James b: 16 JUN 1874 in Cherokee Nation, OK
  5. Albert Blunt James b: 21 SEP 1877 in Cherokee Nation, Oklahoma
  6. Luther James b: 22 JAN 1880 in Cherokee Nation, Oklahoma
  7. Lulu Bell James b: 21 FEB 1881 in Cherokee Nation, Oklahoma
  8. Cornelia Jane James b: 1 AUG 1884 in Cherokee Nation, Ottawa County, Oklahoma
  9. Jesse Lamar James b: 5 JUL 1887 in Cherokee Nation, Oklahoma

  1. Claude Frank James b: 5 MAR 1890 in Cherokee, Nation, Oklahoma

  1. Reece James b: 21 MAY 1895 in Cherokee Nation, Oklahoma
 Source: Overseas to New Land, Terry Mendenhall,
 RootsWeb's World Connect Project,Ancestry.com

Tennesse's Sister Samantha was Also Interviewed. Another Fascinating Read

Indian Pioneer History Project for Oklahoma
Date: June 30, 1937
Name: Samantha Hillen (nee) Lane (Mrs.)
Post Office: Fairland, Oklahoma
Date of Birth: December 23, 1846
Place of Birth: near Mayesville
Father: Garrett Lane
Place of Birth:
Information on father:
Mother: Jane J. Harlan
Place of birth:
Information on mother: daughter of David W. Harlan
Field Worker: Nannie Lee Burns

Samantha Hillen nee Lane was born December 23, 1846 near Mayesville on the Cherokee side.

My parents were Jane J. Lane nee Harlan, daughter of David W. HARLAN, and  Garrett Lane, a white man of French and English descent who came with the  Cherokees from North Carolina and I think my parents were married soon after  we came near Mayesville and before we moved to the Neuter Strip near Baxter  Springs, Kansas.


Really I do not remember my father as he left my mother and baby sister, (Mrs. Tennessee JAMES) and myself with our grandfather in the spring of 1949 and joined with two of my uncles (John Harlan and Bert Lane) the caravan that was assembling at the fort west of here to make the trip overland to California in quest of gold.

Both of my uncles died on the way and father was killed by a fall in the shaft after he had been in California two years.  His partner, a half-breed Cherokee, was with him, Ed CRUTCHFIELD by name and later he came home and their business was sold and Mother received her part of it but sister’s and mine was held by the public administrator until we were eighteen and by that time the expenses had [can’t read the word] most of it.
Grandfather kept lots of cattle around and as only the fields were fenced, some one had to be looking after them all the time and I liked to be out of doors so much of my early life was spent in the saddle.  At first my mother rode with me a good deal when I was small but later she married my stepfather, John BLYTHE and we moved from Grandfather’s to an adjoining place.

There being only an occasional subscription school we did not attend school much and I liked best of all to ride after cattle and have had many experiences and when I was alone: had a small dog that I taught to ride just behind the saddle for I had been told that no wild animal would attack you then.  Once I remember I had a small half-brother with me and the dog behind me when I thought I heard a panther, but if it saw us it did not attack us.


Mother died in the summer of 1859 and my younger sister, Tennessee, who was considered too small to be of much help, went to live at grandfather’s but I was older and needed at home to help with the half-brothers and sisters so I remained with my stepfather, and besides helping with the stock which were my happiest hours, I helped with the spinning and weaving, the cooking, etc.  Grandfather had lots of sheep and all of our cloth that went to make our clothes was made at home.  Later my father married a lady that came to the neighborhood to teach school.


We were near the border and were exposed to the raiders from both Missouri and Kansas.  At the beginning we had lot of and cattle, sheep, and horses stolen from us, as well as the food from the house and our blankets, etc.  Each raid left us worse off than before and we had no protection as we were too far from Fort Gibson to receive any assistance from there and, of course, not then considered a part of Kansas and each month found us just a little worse off.  Our stock was taken which curtailed our farming even the crops were partially destroyed after they were planted, then too being Indians, we had no status and they seemed to think that they could take anything they wanted and there was no one to say anything.

The latter part of the second year things grew so much worse.  Two of our neighbor men were called to the door after dark and were shot.  Then all who were Indians were ordered to move up in Kansas for safety and protection, so taking what we had left that we could move in wagons and drive, we went and remained there the last two years of the war.
When we returned the windows were gone from the house, the fields were grown up in sprouts, the fences were destroyed, and everything was in a bad way.  Some cattle and quite a few hogs had escaped and made their living in the timber so these hogs were shot for meat and some few were captured and penned.  Some few cattle had gone wild as well as some of the poultry which had managed to exist and increase, this together with some parts of orchards that had escaped destruction made it possible for the families to exist till they could raise a crop and get straightened out.


I married Frank BERNETT and continued to live near, just north of the crossing on the Military Road (I think she had reference to Shoal Creed) so we had considerable travel past the home.  I raised my children, helped my husband and did the work of the home.  We had three children and only Ike is now living.


One day when the children were small and the men were in the field, a girl, I should have judged her to be twenty or less, came by and asked for a drink.  She was afoot and alone,  I insisted that she come in and rest and after much persuasion succeeded in getting her to come in and gave her dinner.  She was neatly dressed and had dark hair and wore a plain gold ring.

As she would not remain with us over night, I took one of the horses and took her a couple of miles towards Baxter Springs, where she said she was going and did hate to leave her for at that time the grass was high and few travelers along the road.

That night I kept thinking of her and the next morning my husband and two of the neighbors decided that they would  go to Baxter and see if she had reached there.  They found no trace of her and then began searching for her and found the body a few feet from the roadside in the grass.  A doctor was brought from Baxter and nothing could be done for her as she was already dead and the little life was also beyond help.  The body was taken to Baxter Springs and when nothing could be learned about who she was or where she came from, she was buried with the small child in a grave in the cemetery there and one of the men placed a stone at the grave and engraved it “The Unknown Girl.”

More than a year after that, an older man with two younger men stopped at our place over night and in talking of unusual things, the circumstances of this girl’s death was told and we could see that the older man was much affected by the tale and asked many questions.  From our place they went to Baxter and later they returned with a spring wagon and had the body taken up and later passed our house with it and I am told that they were from Springfield, Missouri, but more than this we never learned and to me this has been the one thing that has stood out in all my early experiences.

Submitter's Comments:
The document is from the Oklahoma Historical Society.  Norman S. James copied it from the material kept in a library in Oklahoma City, probably in the early 1970’s.  Norman gave a copy to Shasta (Huggins) Anker, who transcribed it, printed it, and sent a copy to her nephew, George T.  Huggins, in August, 1999.  George scanned the document and corrected it to the copy he received from his Aunt Shasta.  October 30, 1999.
George T. Huggins

The Documents of Tennessee

Tennessee Almira James

February 16, 1849 - December 4, 1944 Age 95, Universally Called Aunt Tenn

1900, 1920, 1930 Census

1900 US Census Indian Population, Indian Territory, Cherokee Nation, June 12

Tennessee is 51 years old, has had 11 children, 8 were living and had been married for 33 years. She and the 2 young adult children additionally shown on the census, state they are 15/16 Indian.  David Solon her husband states he is white, 58 years old, a farmer on a farm that is not mortgaged. The 2 women Clara, 26, and Lula, 19, state they are school teaching.

Note:  It made little difference to the Cherokees "how much Indian they were." If you were white and married into the tribe, you became a Cherokee. Apparently when the census taker was told "I don't know" in answer to the question how much Indian blood do you have, the census taker was instructed to look at the person and guess. In this case there were no math skills involved since Tennessee said she was 15/16 and her husband was white, there is no chance the children are also 15/16,  It is one of the reasons there is such a variance on the quantum of Indian blood on the many rolls.

1920 U S Census, Oklahoma, Ottawa County June 12

Finds Tennessee at 70, David Solon at78. He states his occupation as a gardener, and Claude their 28 years old son living with them is a clerk for a company treasurer.

Note: Oklahoma gained statehood in 1907. The state's name is derived from the Choctaw words okla and humma, meaning "red people."

1930 U S Census, Oklahoma, Ottawa County, Miami April 8

David Solon died in 1925. This census shows Tennessee, 81, and Claude, 40. The value of their owned home (not a farm)  is shown as $3000. They both show their race as Indian. Claude served in WWI and is now working as a linesman on a water line.

Tennessee's Eastern Cherokee Application, November 3, 1906, Fairland, Indian Territory

Stories About Tennessee

An Account Written By the Great Great Grandson of Tennessee's Sister Samantha


Entry in notebook of George Solon Huggins as Administrator of Claude James Estate, 1953:
May 29 Grave marker for Tennessee James $53.55. 

 Notes of George Solon Huggins, circa 1980 about Garrett Lane, Tennessee's Father

  • Garrett Lane was mostly French.

    Killed in a gold mine in Cal. in 1851. (The report was that the hoist broke with him as he was being brought up out of the mine the day before he was to have returned to his home in Kan. His partner got the mine, according to their agreement).

    From WorldConnect on Rootsweb.com

    The Solon James-Huggins Families

  • The Solon James-Huggins Families by Terry Mendenhall

    Soon after the Civil War, David Solon James [an ex-Union soldier] and his wife, Tennessee A. James, moved from Kansas to Indian Territory. "Aunt Tenn," as she was later to be affectionately called, was one-eight Cherokee thus qualifying the family to stay here although Solon was a white man. They settled in the community that later became known as Hickory Grove. Several children were born to this couple, including Lorenzo, Albert, Della, Lulu, Jesse, Calvin, Reece and Claud. Solon became active in the community and served several terms on the newly organized school board. He was known as a fairly prosperous farmer.

    When the Dawes Commission made up the Indian rolls and allotted land, some of the children were grown and did their own enrolling. Most of them were enrolled as one-sixteenth Cherokee but some listed themselves as one-thirty-second which gives a little strangeness on the rolls.

    As the children got old enough, they attended the Cherokee seminaries at Tahlequah. When Calvin was grown, he hopped a freight train to find a place in the United States that suited him best. After several months, he swung off one of the trains as it went through Fairland and said, "This is it." He spent the rest of his long life there, part of which was spent working for the Indian commission.

    In 1898, four young men came into Indian Territory as entertainers [singing] from Rogers Academy of Rogers, Arkansas. One of them was Robert Lee Huggins. After a couple of summers through here singing and teaching "singing schools," he decided to stay. He not only taught "singing school" but taught school at Grove Aurora [south of Fairland] and Hickory Grove.

    In 1901, he became interested in one of the James girls, Lulu. They were married January 2, 1902 and lived in the Hickory Grove community. She, as an Indian, was allotted land one-fourth mile north of is now Sailboat Bridge. They were active in community affairs and trading and became fairly prosperous at farming and trading. He served on the school board, as a Sunday school teacher and superintendent, three terms as county commissioner, and as a deputy sheriff.

    To "Bob and Lulu were born the following children: Shink, R.L., Jr., Helen, Solon, Wyly, Gore, Edgar and Shasta. As of this date [August 1977], Shink has retired from U.S. Emigration Service in Laredo, Texas. R.L.,Jr., died in Tulsa. Helen died in California. Solon lives in the Hickory Grove area. Wyly lives in California. Gore, a retired Lt. Colonel, is in Grove. Edgar died in the Hickory Grove area. Shasta, better known to her school friends as "Colonel," lives in California.

    The James are all gone from the area but their blood line through the Huggins is still here. Solon married Zelma Wilbanks whose people have been in the Afton area since soon after the Civil War. They have six children: Majel, Coleen, Kay, Bob, Eileen and George. Gore is in Grove with his wife Edna. To them was born Bob, Jim, Denny, Ann and Bill. Edgar's widow, the former Alice Huffaker, is now Mrs Charles Murphy. Alice and Edgar's children are Edgar, Charley and Mickey.

    Source: Overseas to a New Land, Terry Mendenhall, RootsWeb

Later Life and Death of Tennessee Almira James nee Lane



The identities below were given by Allen James, about fifty years later. She couldn't identify very many of them.

Front row, left to right:
1. Girl with white stockings
2. Ivan James
3. Willard James
4. Norman W. (Cotton) James
5. Girl, with ribbons in hair
6. Raymond James (kneeling)
7. Euchalata James (kneeling)
8. Girl between Raymond and Euch
9. Child
10. Girl with hands behind her
11-14. Next four boys, sitting on ground
15. Girl in black dress
16. Girl in light dress
17. Woman in white. A nurse?
18. Tilda Harlan
19. Ab Harlan
20. Alex Copeland
21. Mrs. Copeland
22. Tennessee A. (Lane) James
23. Solon James
24. William Whig James
25. Ada, wife of Lorenzo James
26. Baby in Ada's lap
27. Malinda Ann James, in black dress
28. Aurelius James, in Malinda Ann's lap
29. Mance Hillen
30. Mary E. A. James
31. Small boy in chair
32. Girl in dark dress
33. Man in black hat
34. Baby in man's lap
35. Child in white, leaning on man

 Back row, left to right:
1. Bert James?
2. Lucinda Miller James
3. Baby in arms
4. Opal Irene James, Bert's daughter
5. Cherokee James (grey dress, black belt)
6. Charlotte Hampton, friend of "Aunt Tenn"
7. Maggie James, wife of Cal James
8. Jessie James
9. Small child
10. Lula Huggins
11. Riley Copeland
12. Houston James
13. Howell Kelly
14. Man behind, face half hidden
15. Homer James
16. Blanche, wife of Jesse Lamar James
17. Two men behind, virtually invisible
18. Woman
19. Another woman
20. Cal (Calvin Garrett) James
21. Man behind Cal
22. Man behind, with suspenders
23. Man with bow tie
24, Another man, with bow tie
25. Man behind
26. Man by tree
27. Woman in black, at right of tree
28. Woman behind, with dark glasses?
29. Woman in dark blouse
30. Person behind
31. Man in vest and hat
32. Man in coat and hat
33. Baby in man's arms
34. Man in dark, with boy
35. Boy in man's arms
36. Heavy woman? in dark clothing
37. Allen James (wife of Irvin), in white blouse
38. Woman behind Allen
39. Woman with white collar
40. Woman in dark dress
41. Woman behind, white collar
42. Man wearing bow tie and hat
43. Woman
44. Man in bow tie and coat, not much hair
45. Ada James, wife of Price James
46. Lewis James (small boy) son of Ada and Price James
47. Man in straight tie
48. Jennie James

Entry in notebook of George Solon Huggin: 

Death Takes Mrs. Tennessee James At the Age of 95
Mrs. Tennessee James died at the home of her daughter, Mrs. Lula Huggins, near Grove, at 12:15 a.m. today. She was 95 years. old.

Mrs. James moved with her husband, Solon James, from Cherokee county, Kansas, in 1870, to what is now known as Ottawa county. She has lived in and around Ottawa county for 73 years.
Besides Mrs. Huggins, she is survived by another daughter, Mrs. Walter Copeland of Welch; four sons, C. G. James of Fairland, L. D. James of Blythe, Calif., J. L. James of Maimi and Claude James of Bremerton, Wash.; 29 grandchildren, 30 great-grandchildren and three great-great-grandchildren.
Funeral services will be held at 2:00 clock Wednesday afternoon at the Hickory Grove church in Delaware county. Burial will be in the Miami G. A. R. cemetery

Miami, Oklahoma

The Note I Left on the Virtual Grave of FindaGrave.com along with the virtual forget-me-not-flowers.

Learning about you through ancestry research has been an incredible journey. I only wish I could have really known you. What a strong woman you were. I am so glad I carry your genes.

A G.A.R. Cemetery Experience

The Grand Army of the Republic (GAR) was a fraternal organization composed of veterans of the Union Army, US Navy, US Marines and US Revenue Cutter Service who served in the American Civil War. Founded in 1866 in Decatur, Illinois, it was dissolved in 1956 when its last member died. Linking men through their experience of the war, the GAR became among the first organized advocacy groups in American politics, supporting voting rights for black veterans, lobbying the US Congress to establish veterans' pensions, and supporting Republican political candidates. Its peak membership, at more than 400,000, was in 1890; a high point of Civil War commemorative ceremonies. It was succeeded by the Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War (SUVCW), composed of male descendants of Union veterans

Thursday, May 31, 2012

Note to Self and Why I Love Genealogy

Note to Self - a Reminder of My Intentions
With so many interesting folks waiting on Ancestry.com with their little green leaves waving at me for attention, I am  not going into such great detail about the folks that follow my 4 great grandparents. I so want to get many of the lines checked. At this rate I will have to live to be a 1000. I do want to do real justice to these "immediate" folks. But I want to try not to get so involved with the ancestors beyond. I have 2 more great grandparents who needs devoted attention and then I must speed up!

Why I Love Genealogy
My son asked me recently what made me so interested in genealogy. I have thought about that question a lot.  Here are a few thoughts that have come to mind. I hope this answers your question, Scott. I  really appreciated your asking it.

  • I get so excited thinking about the next person I am going to find.
  • I love to get to know people in the present. This is very similar. I still find out about them.
  •  It is fascinating.
  • There are a lot of nifty things that could be lost forever. The number one thing I would have hated not to learn about is the Cherokee heritage. I love, love, love it. And I love it has been so traceable beyond my wildest dreams.
  • Its fun!
  • It's a puzzle to be solved that has a personal flavor. I enjoy playing detective and hopefully having other relatives now or in the future care about the information.
  • It's educational. I love to learn. I love the challenge of research.
  • I always throw myself into a new experience. This one will never, ever be boring.
  • It gets to be an obsession, consuming - an addiction.
  • I like history.
  • I'd rather walk in a cemetery than a mall.
  • There is actually a sense of awe, especially with the Cherokee heritage. It was big in both my Grandmothers side (Lucinda) and my Grandfather's side (Albert). I never knew.  There are many many Cherokee to learn about.  I am in awe again today having just verified there is another very famous Chief in a line I have barely touched. So little time.....
  • I am getting better as a researcher  - a mandatory requisite.
  • If there was a 12 step-addiction program to overcome this addiction, I would avoid the program.
Two quotes I found that I saved because I enjoy them so much - one swells my heart and the other makes me smile every time I read it.

"I saw behind me those who had gone, and before me,
 those who are to come. I looked back and saw my father, and 
his father, and all our fathers, and in front, to see my son,
 and his son, and the sons upon sons beyond. And their eyes were my eyes.
As I felt, so they had felt, and were to feel, as then, so now,
 as tomorrow and forever. Then I was not afraid, for I was in
 a long line that had no beginning, and no end. And the hand of his father
 grasped my father's hand, and his hand was in mine, and my unborn
 son took my right hand, and all, up and down the line that stretched
 from Time That Was, to Time That Is, and Is Not Yet, raised their
 hands to show the link, and we found that we were one, born of Woman,
 Son of Man, made in the Image, fashioned in the Womb by the Will of God, 
the Eternal Father."

Extracted from the work of Richard Llewellyn "How Green Was My Valley"


Genealogy is where you confuse the dead and irritate the living.

Tuesday, May 29, 2012

Martha Ann Miller nee McCullough Wife of Andrew Jackson Miller

Martha Miller March 17, 1858 - April 25, 1936

My Great Grandmother

Her Story Opens With Census

The 1860 US Census finds Martha, 2 years old living, with her 29 year old father Marion, a farmer, her 23 year old mother Jemima, her 5 year old brother Harvey, and her 6 month old brother David. They live in Crooked Creek, Carroll, Arkansas. Both parents were white.  He valued his real estate at $450.00 and the value of his personal estate at $260.00

Note: In the 1860 Census the name McCollough was spelled Mc colloh. In the 1870 census the name was spelled Mcculley.

The 1870 US Census shows changes in Martha's life at the age of 12 with the death of her father in 1869 at the age of 38. In 1870 her mother Jemima remarried to Napolean Bonapart McCreary and had children with this marriage. He was a farmer also.

At 17 she married Andrew Jackson Miller. The 1880 Cherokee Indian Census and the 1896 Cherokee Indian Census showed her in Hickory Grove, Oklahoma where they lived for the next 30 years. .

Twelfth Census of the US Indian Territory, Cherokee Nation, Indian Population, June 1900,  Andy was a farmer and both Andy and Martha could read, write and speak English. Eight children were still at home with ages from 21 to 10 months.The 2 oldest girls still at home Ida and Mahana showed their occupations as servants and the oldest son Robert showed his occupation as farm laborer.

The 1910 US Census Indian Population  reports my great grandmother as 53 years old living in  Delaware County, Oklahoma as a widow. Andrew died in 1906.  She was living with 3 children, Myrtle 15, Pearl 12, and Dawes 10. She had had 12 children with 11 still living. The children reported 1/4 Indian blood and 3/4 white; while Martha reported white. They owned the home (no longer a farm) mortgage free.

 The 1920 US Census finds Martha Ann McCullough at 62 living in Delaware, Oklahoma . She owns the mortgaged farm and lives there with 7 other people including Son Robert L. 33, a widower; Daughter Myrtle T. Sixkiller 25, also a widow; Granddaughter Pearl Sixkiller 6, Grandson Reuben Sixkiller 4, an unnamed 3 month old, Daughter Pearl R. Lamer 21, and Son-in-Law J. Riley Lamar 26. All reported they were Indian except Martha who said white. No blood quantum was reported on this census.

Dawes Roll - Commission of the Five Civilized Tribes

Request for appearance of Martha before the Commission to determine her right to be enrolled as a citizen by intermarriage at 9:00 am January 3, 1907.

January 3, 1907,  Martha A. Miller, 49 Years Old, Living in Fairland, Indian Territory, Claiming Citizenship  by Intermarriage of the Cherokee Nation. She is a widow.

Affadavit of Jemima McCrary, Martha's Mother, supporting her daughter's information as to her marriage to Andrew Miller.

The Dawes Commission, in accordance with the decision of the Supreme Court of the United States, approves her enrollment as a citizen by intermarriage of the Cherokee Nation.

The Attorney for the Cherokee Nation, W.. W. Hastings, accepts her enrollment.

Eastern Cherokee Application

Eastern Cherokee Applications. These records were produced by the Guion Miller Commission of the Court of Claims from 1906 through 1909. The main body of information is formed from 45,000 applications received from living persons who were trying to prove their eligibility to share in the per capita payment made, which amounted to $133.19 per person. In order to be eligible a person had to show that they were descended from a person who was an eastern Cherokee in 1835 usually by proving descent from a person named on the Drennen roll of 1851 (eastern Cherokees living in Oklahoma) or the Chapman roll of 1851 (eastern Cherokees who remained in the east). In addition, those persons eligible would have to prove that they were not "Old Settlers" and that they had not become associated with any other tribe. The applications ask for a tremendous amount of genealogical information. This includes name, date and place of birth, name and age of spouse, names, birthplace and dates of death for parents, names and date for brothers and sisters, names of grandparents, and names of aunts and uncles. In addition, because many persons felt the payment was to be made per stirpes to heirs of Eastern Cherokee, claims for cousins and other more distant relatives are mentioned.

Note: Andrew Miller died in July, 1906, three months before Martha's Eastern Cherokee Application was made.

All the numbers on this cover are suppose to be "kin" to help in the decision of whether to admit Martha's application or theirs. Once again in trying to follow these "leads, " I think their is a false trail of Millers who while Cherokee are not related. But I will not stop to figure this one out!

Martha Ann McCullough Miller Obituary

Miller Rites

Rev. W. A. Powers, conducted funeral services Monday at 2 p. m, at the Methodist church for Mrs. Martha Ann Miller, daughter of Mr. Bert McCullough, and Mrs. Jamina McCullough, who was born March 17, 1858, on Bates Prairie,  near Maysville, Ark. She died Saturday, April 25, after a short illness. In September, 1875, she was married to Andrew J, Miller, the husband and one son, Johnnie Miller, preceded Mrs. Miller in death. Surviving are eight daughters,  Mrs. Flora Stevens of Seminole,  Okla., Mrs. Ida Cooley and Mrs.Mahana Malone of Bakersfield,  Cal., Mrs. Lucinda James of Atlanta, Ga,  Mrs. Mamie Hutchinson of Miami, Mrs. Sallie Miller of Fairland, Mrs. Myrtle Sixkiller of Miami and Mrs. Pearl Lamar of Fairland; three sons, Robert L. Miller of Dennis, Okla;, Andrew J. Miller of Fairfax, Okla., and Dawees Miller of Beggs, Okla. Many grandchildren and greatgrandchildren also survive Mrs. Miller. Mr. and Mrs. Miller settled at Hickory Grove in 1875 where they lived for more than 30 years. She moved with her family to Fairland in 1925, where she has since made her home. She was a member of the Methodist church of Fairland.Honarary pallbearers were J. T. Newport, M. J. Campbell, C. A. Hallam, Clyde Freeman, Frank Audrain, and D. M. Morris. Active pallbearers were Levi Crockett,Charley Thomas, Bill Keenan,  John Rubin, R. A. Harper and F. L. Warren

I think the  http://www.findagrave.com website is wonderful. It often enables you to see where your relatives are buried. Another super thing is the ability they give you  to put virtual flowers on your ancestors virtual grave. I must admit it gave me goose bumps when I did. Thanks "find a grave" and the volunteers who have captured and posted the pictures. I leave forget-me-not flowers, but there is a good choice of other flowers.

I sure enjoyed learning about you Great Grandmother Martha.