Tuesday, May 29, 2012

Martha Ann Miller nee McCullough Wife of Andrew Jackson Miller

Martha Miller March 17, 1858 - April 25, 1936

My Great Grandmother

Her Story Opens With Census


The 1860 US Census finds Martha, 2 years old living, with her 29 year old father Marion, a farmer, her 23 year old mother Jemima, her 5 year old brother Harvey, and her 6 month old brother David. They live in Crooked Creek, Carroll, Arkansas. Both parents were white.  He valued his real estate at $450.00 and the value of his personal estate at $260.00

Note: In the 1860 Census the name McCollough was spelled Mc colloh. In the 1870 census the name was spelled Mcculley.

The 1870 US Census shows changes in Martha's life at the age of 12 with the death of her father in 1869 at the age of 38. In 1870 her mother Jemima remarried to Napolean Bonapart McCreary and had children with this marriage. He was a farmer also.

At 17 she married Andrew Jackson Miller. The 1880 Cherokee Indian Census and the 1896 Cherokee Indian Census showed her in Hickory Grove, Oklahoma where they lived for the next 30 years. .


Twelfth Census of the US Indian Territory, Cherokee Nation, Indian Population, June 1900,  Andy was a farmer and both Andy and Martha could read, write and speak English. Eight children were still at home with ages from 21 to 10 months.The 2 oldest girls still at home Ida and Mahana showed their occupations as servants and the oldest son Robert showed his occupation as farm laborer.


The 1910 US Census Indian Population  reports my great grandmother as 53 years old living in  Delaware County, Oklahoma as a widow. Andrew died in 1906.  She was living with 3 children, Myrtle 15, Pearl 12, and Dawes 10. She had had 12 children with 11 still living. The children reported 1/4 Indian blood and 3/4 white; while Martha reported white. They owned the home (no longer a farm) mortgage free.



 The 1920 US Census finds Martha Ann McCullough at 62 living in Delaware, Oklahoma . She owns the mortgaged farm and lives there with 7 other people including Son Robert L. 33, a widower; Daughter Myrtle T. Sixkiller 25, also a widow; Granddaughter Pearl Sixkiller 6, Grandson Reuben Sixkiller 4, an unnamed 3 month old, Daughter Pearl R. Lamer 21, and Son-in-Law J. Riley Lamar 26. All reported they were Indian except Martha who said white. No blood quantum was reported on this census.


Dawes Roll - Commission of the Five Civilized Tribes

Request for appearance of Martha before the Commission to determine her right to be enrolled as a citizen by intermarriage at 9:00 am January 3, 1907.


January 3, 1907,  Martha A. Miller, 49 Years Old, Living in Fairland, Indian Territory, Claiming Citizenship  by Intermarriage of the Cherokee Nation. She is a widow.



Affadavit of Jemima McCrary, Martha's Mother, supporting her daughter's information as to her marriage to Andrew Miller.

The Dawes Commission, in accordance with the decision of the Supreme Court of the United States, approves her enrollment as a citizen by intermarriage of the Cherokee Nation.

The Attorney for the Cherokee Nation, W.. W. Hastings, accepts her enrollment.

Eastern Cherokee Application

Eastern Cherokee Applications. These records were produced by the Guion Miller Commission of the Court of Claims from 1906 through 1909. The main body of information is formed from 45,000 applications received from living persons who were trying to prove their eligibility to share in the per capita payment made, which amounted to $133.19 per person. In order to be eligible a person had to show that they were descended from a person who was an eastern Cherokee in 1835 usually by proving descent from a person named on the Drennen roll of 1851 (eastern Cherokees living in Oklahoma) or the Chapman roll of 1851 (eastern Cherokees who remained in the east). In addition, those persons eligible would have to prove that they were not "Old Settlers" and that they had not become associated with any other tribe. The applications ask for a tremendous amount of genealogical information. This includes name, date and place of birth, name and age of spouse, names, birthplace and dates of death for parents, names and date for brothers and sisters, names of grandparents, and names of aunts and uncles. In addition, because many persons felt the payment was to be made per stirpes to heirs of Eastern Cherokee, claims for cousins and other more distant relatives are mentioned.

Note: Andrew Miller died in July, 1906, three months before Martha's Eastern Cherokee Application was made.









All the numbers on this cover are suppose to be "kin" to help in the decision of whether to admit Martha's application or theirs. Once again in trying to follow these "leads, " I think their is a false trail of Millers who while Cherokee are not related. But I will not stop to figure this one out!




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